Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek
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TNO is one of the major contract research organisations in Europe. With a staff of approximately 3500 and an annual turnover of 580 million Euros. TNO functions as an intermediary between basic research organisations and industry. By translating scientific knowledge into practical applications, TNO contributes to the innovation capacity of businesses and government. TNO is involved in many international projects (about 30% of the market turnover), including EU-funded collaborations. In the theme of Industrial Innovation applied research is carried out for a wide range of industrial branches. The expertise covers the whole process from basic (material) research, design and engineering to manufacturing and testing of products and systems. The focus is on innovation in the areas of high-tech systems and materials, manufacturing, the sustainable chemical industry and space applications.